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Alopecia Hair Loss Types: Alopecia Info, Symptoms and Causes



Alopecia hair loss, a medical condition that causes hair loss, can be caused by genetics, autoimmune disorders, hormones, or medications. There are several types of alopecia, with different symptoms and causes. The most common type is androgenetic alopecia, caused by genetics and hormones, which results in a receding hairline and thinning hair on the crown of the head.

Hair loss is both a medical and psychological condition. It can cause depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals is important.

Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of alopecia, and may include topical and oral medications, injections, or hair restoration surgery or hairpieces. Other severe forms of hair loss include Alopecia totalis and Alopecia universalis, in which all hair is lost from the scalp and body.

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss in patches on the scalp or other parts of the body. Alopecia totalis is a more severe form of alopecia areata, in which all hair is lost from the scalp.


Types of Alopecia Hair Loss

  • Alopecia areata usually starts with one or more small, round, smooth bald areas on the scalp and is the most common type of alopecia.
  • Alopecia totalis is the complete loss of hair on the scalp and frequently begins as alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia universalis is hair loss of the scalp and the entire body.
  • In all types of alopecia areata (including totalis, & universalis) the hair follicles are still alive, they are just receiving an erroneous signal from the immune system. It is best to visit a dermatologist for a correct diagnosis. 
  • Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) appears with a slow band-like recession of the frontal hairline, with scarring (fibrosing) along the front of the scalp, and sometimes the sides of the scalp. Loss of eyebrow hair and body hair is also a recognized in this condition. This often, but not exclusively, affects post-menopausal women. 
  • Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a type of scarring hair loss that occurs when a relatively common skin disease, known as lichen planus affects areas of skin where there is hair. Lichen planopilaris destroys the hair follicle and then replaces it with scarring, resulting in permanent hair loss. It is between 2 and 5 times more common in women than it is in men with the commonest age of onset being in the mid-40’s. 

  • Telogen effluvium is a form of temporary hair loss that usually happens after stress, a shock, or a traumatic event. It usually occurs on the top of the scalp. It is different from alopecia areata. Large amounts of a person’s hair might fall out, but it is often temporary, and the hair usually grows back.

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Premium European and hairpieces from Peggy Knight Wigs and Peggy’s Choice for alopecia and medical hair loss. Private in-person  hair wig consultations available throughout the United States. We carry short wigs, long wigs and medium wigs to your choosing. If you’re worried about hair loss, or you’re way past worried and you’re ready to to do things right, we’re here to help you.

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